Children At Work In Mexico, Still A Major Issue

Research of the UCW (Understanding Children’s Work, a research cooperation project) and World Bank specialists, shows that children and youth that work will have a lower school performance, and are more likely to drop out of school and to have a difficult future.

“The studies show that child labor represents a high cost for society, in terms of economic growth,” said Gloria Grandolini, World Bank Director for Mexico and Colombia.

Why are there less children working nowadays?

On the bright side, there are 40% less children between 12 and 14 years old that work now than just 10 years ago. At the same time, more go to school – 93% of 12-to-14-year-olds attend classes.

Policy action in the field of education as far back as the 1970s and 1980s helped many people to receive a better education – the number of people finishing primary school increased dramatically at that time. Once they became parents, they were less inclined to send their children to work, according to the study.

The conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades also contributed to create incentives for parents to keep their children in school. There are 8% less boys between 12 and 15 years old that work thanks to the program, the study shows.

Also, the report noted that because there were less parents working in agriculture, about 3% less boys worked, simply because there was less demand for their participation.

Mexico´s experience shows that an active government in these issues is crucial, according to the study. However, it also shows that more targeted action should be taken, specifically addressing child labor, so as to complement what has been done in education and conditional cash transfers. Mexican policymakers are aware of the challenge and, as noted in the labor law reform from November 30th, are working on developing programs that allows them to identify and combat child labor.

About the World Bank in Mexico

The World Bank is collaborating with Mexico on issues like social protection, by offering a whole array of financial products, including lending for projects, by giving technical assistance and analysis, and by bringing key stakeholders together.

Source : http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/01/18/children-at-work-in-mexico-still-a-major-issue

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Research of the UCW (Understanding Children’s Work, a research cooperation project) and World Bank specialists, shows that children and youth that work will have a lower school performance, and are more likely to drop out of school and to have a difficult future.

“The studies show that child labor represents a high cost for society, in terms of economic growth,” said Gloria Grandolini, World Bank Director for Mexico and Colombia.

Why are there less children working nowadays?

On the bright side, there are 40% less children between 12 and 14 years old that work now than just 10 years ago. At the same time, more go to school – 93% of 12-to-14-year-olds attend classes.

Policy action in the field of education as far back as the 1970s and 1980s helped many people to receive a better education – the number of people finishing primary school increased dramatically at that time. Once they became parents, they were less inclined to send their children to work, according to the study.

The conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades also contributed to create incentives for parents to keep their children in school. There are 8% less boys between 12 and 15 years old that work thanks to the program, the study shows.

Also, the report noted that because there were less parents working in agriculture, about 3% less boys worked, simply because there was less demand for their participation.

Mexico´s experience shows that an active government in these issues is crucial, according to the study. However, it also shows that more targeted action should be taken, specifically addressing child labor, so as to complement what has been done in education and conditional cash transfers. Mexican policymakers are aware of the challenge and, as noted in the labor law reform from November 30th, are working on developing programs that allows them to identify and combat child labor.

About the World Bank in Mexico

The World Bank is collaborating with Mexico on issues like social protection, by offering a whole array of financial products, including lending for projects, by giving technical assistance and analysis, and by bringing key stakeholders together.

Source : http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/01/18/children-at-work-in-mexico-still-a-major-issue

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